Tag Archives: Sugata Mitra

The Future Fallacy


Most people know nothing about learning; many despise it. Dummies reject as too hard whatever is not dumb. 
 Thomas More, Utopia

The future fallacy occurs when someone makes a comment about what the future will be like and then says: ‘therefore we should be doing (insert something here)…’

The 21st century skills argument is exactly this, ‘in the future people will need to collaborate more, be more creative and be prepared for change.’ This is a future fallacy because no-one knows what the future will be like, they can guess but they do not know.

The most bizarre aspect of this fallacy is the way that people lap it up, at education conferences I have heard so many people tell us what the future will be like in order to justify how we should be educating our kids in the present. The most absurd example is the oft repeated one that we should prepare children for the jobs that have yet to be invented, which, in itself is delightfully ridiculous, but when allied to the statement: therefore we should teach them 21st century skills of collaboration, creativity, critical thinking etc. is even more surreal, it’s as if the speaker has a crystal ball but they refuse to tell us what the jobs will be like because, like the recipe for KFC, it has to be kept secret. Except even that chicken is now out of the bag.

Sugar Mitra sometimes falls into this trap:

Within a few decades, institutions began to dematerialise – banking, the stock exchange, entertainment, newspapers, books, money were all strings of zeros and ones inside the evolving Internet that is now simply called ‘The Cloud’. It is already omnipresent and indestructible. In a few more decades, it will probably be sentient, non-material and, therefore, eternal…

We need a curriculum of Big Questions, pedagogy of self-organised learning, examinations where children can talk, share and use the Internet, and new, peer assessment systems. People don’t need to be machines anymore. In the Age of The Cloud, schools have to become Schools of The Cloud.

Next time you hear someone tell you what the future will be like, challenge them, for they are in cloud cuckoo land. The next time someone tells you what the future will be like and therefore we have to change what we are doing in schools point out, gently, that this is the full future fallacy in operation. If the speaker is unaware of how fallacious her argument is and she takes it for granted that what she is saying is true and makes it seem like common sense that we should therefore be doing things differently in our schools, beware, for she is basing her argument on the future fallacy but is unaware of this fact.

The only thing we can know is the past and, even that, is open to various interpretations, so arguments and disagreements are always going to be part of our discourse, and long may they be so. Just beware of the futurologists who try to shut down debate by telling you of tomorrow’s utopia and how we should prepare for it, for they know not what they say.

Teachers! A Call to Arms!


“Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another.”

GK Chesterton

We need to summon up the spirit of, the albeit fictional, Ned Ludd and Captain Swing. We need to smash up the 21st century equivalents of the threshing machines and power looms!

O Teachers! Click on this link! Can’t you see what is happening in front of your noses? In the name of progress and twenty-first century skills? A movement made darker by its motto: “Kids don’t need teachers in order to learn…” This movement wants to see the Death of the Teacher!!! No more chalk and talk, no more elbow patches on tweed… No more planting a seed in the mind of a child…. No! Let the child go wild on the screen they say…

“Minimally invasive education,” is the future they say! We should see this, teacher, as a call to arms!!! You have nothing to lose but your livelihoods! Adults and teachers, passing on knowledge is seen as old hat! Embrace the new, they say, and put all your trust in faceless, global, neoliberal, evil corporations that accrue capital, steal your identity, and then sell it and resell it to the highest bidder! They TRACK YOUR EVERY MOVE!!! And some want these people to become the arbiters of your child’s education?!

Smash the Self Organised Learning Environment – it is a trick to keep the poor in thrall to big business! “Knowledge is Obsolete!” They say, whilst saying the internet is all powerful because it holds all knowledge! These people contradict, obfuscate and hide behind wooly ideas about: creativity, critical thinking, and social communication… BUT HAVE YOU SEEN A ROOM FULL OF KIDS STARING AT SCREENS???? How much critique do you see? BRAINWASHED BELIEVERS in the power of APP!!!! How communicable???? Grunt and SCREAM when you take away their screen!!! Creative??? They can’t even make a revolution, they can just click a like button…

“If knowing becomes obsolete I think it’ll leave us with space for something that is perhaps more important, which is creating,” WHAT DO THEY KNOW?????!!!!!

If someone wants to make knowing OBSOLETE, we should oppose them! They are a danger to our children’s BRAINS!!!!



Russell Brand, Steve Jobs, Malala and the Self Organised Learning Environment

Russell Brandmitra Steve_JobsMalala

“Education is education. We should learn everything and then choose which path to follow… Education is neither Eastern nor Western, it is human.”
― Malala Yousafzai

Russell Brand in his now infamous interview with Evan Davis talks about how he has: “…been going on this journey of learning and education from people who are engaged… we don’t want pedagogic figures coming in and didactically shouting at us, we want to organise ourselves…  that era has passed, the BBC gives enough of a voice to conventional wisdom…” Here Brand’s ‘educational journey’ is set up against ‘conventional wisdom’ which, it is hinted, comes from didactic pedagogues. Not only has Brand a distrust of politicians, there is a distrust of teachers here too. Pointedly he goes on to say: “Now Evan, I hope you are not going to take this opportunity, an Oxford educated economist, to come on the TV and be rude to me, an autodidact, self educated man, for simply trying to suggest that there might be an alternative to corporate hegemony?” This hints at a lack of intellectual confidence which later becomes quite poignant, when presented with a graph Brand says: “I don’t want to look at a graph mate… this is the kind of stuff that people like you use to confuse people like us…” In his book Brand writes that people have been horribly misled by ‘dominant cultural narratives’ and it seems to be this suspicion that informs his world view.

Brand is obviously intelligent but he suffers from a problem that many of us self labelled autodidacts do: we have an intellectual inferiority complex. Maybe we tend towards anti-authoritarian stances because we feel excluded from the inner workings of the establishment. We equate classical western education with the culture of upper class, white, male, middle aged values, a secret society that is formed to hoodwink and exclude us. Latin is for posh people.

If Sugata Mitra had his way there could be more Russell Brands. Mitra thinks present day schooling has its roots in the British Empire. He thinks that a school’s main function is to produce identical bureaucrats who can do maths and be literate, Mitra believes these schools are now obsolete. He wants to replace them with ‘Self Organised Learning Environments’ (SOLE). Mitra boasts of taking teachers away from children, he sees a virtue of leaving children alone with computers. He talks of the children of tomorrow not needing to go to school at all. In this future ‘knowing is obsolete’ and replaced by encouragement or ‘saluting’ learning. Mitra compares the role of ‘encourager’ to that of a Grandmother watching and saying things like ‘that’s great’. “Learning is the product of educational self organisation, it’s not about making learning happen it’s about letting it happen, the teacher sets the learning up and then steps back in awe to watch the learning happen” Mitra describes ‘SOLE’ as: broadband + collaboration + encouragement and admiration.

This is what Brand does, he goes on broadband, collaborates with a selected number of ‘mediators’ and soaks up admiration. This way of learning might be the future but it is hugely limited if ‘conventional wisdom’ is viewed suspiciously. How do we know if our educational journey is on an enlightened path or one that leads to a dead end even though grandmother encourages it? “How do you know what is the right direction?” is asked of Steve Jobs at 1:06:23 in this interview, you can tell it’s a good question by the length of pause that follows…

His answer: “You know, ultimately it comes down to taste… it comes down to trying to expose yourself to the best things that humans have done and then try to bring those things in to what you’re doing… I think part of what made the [Apple] Macintosh great was that the people who were working on it were musicians, and poets, and artists, and zoologists, and historians, who also happened to be the best computer scientists in the world but if it hadn’t been for computer science these people would have all been doing amazing things in life in other fields. They brought with them, we all brought to this effort… a very liberal arts attitude, we wanted to pull in the best that we saw in these other fields into this field. I don’t think you get that if you were very narrow.”

Call it what you will, taste, culture, narrative, are missing from Brand’s and Mitra’s view of education. Maybe both of them are suspicious of this very idea because it might be rooted in the old Empire, a misogynist, capitalist, colonialist place. If we abandon the idea of culture, taught by great shouting didactic pedagogues with a view of aesthetics and taste drawn from the traditions of a range of disciplines made possible by a great western education, for the anarchy of the internet where will we end up?

How many self organised learners seek simplicity on the web? Easy answers are much easier to understand whether they are nuggets of TED-like ‘truth’ or Jihadist hatred. The excuse of opposing western education has encouraged Boko Haram to kidnap school girls. Malala was shot because she wanted a formal education. Would Malala settle for a hole in the wall computer and encouragement from her grandmothers or does she want an education from teachers, in schools, for all girls? Malala does not seem suspicious of dominant cultural narratives, maybe she wants to know them and maybe challenge them not from a point of exclusion but from inclusion. An education from teachers in schools should expose us to narratives we need not just accept but also oppose, not from a sense of inferiority but from a sense of equality. Education just from a computer will never be the equal of an education from a great didactic pedagogue telling us great stories with which we can then engage.


I will be exploring this theme more at my ‘What If…?’ talk at the SSAT National Conference.